Judges 4:5 says Deborah “would sit under the palm … There she would sit beneath a palm tree and serve the people as Jehovah directed. Abimelech is not numbered as a judge but as a son of a Judge and as a usurper who ruled unjustly. Her assignment was surely challenging, but Deborah did not allow it to daunt her. Instead of fully trusting God, Barak refused to go unless Deborah accompanied him to inspire the troops. As a compassionate woman, (she is called "a mother in Israel") living in the hills not far north of Jerusalem, she must have become aware of the suffering and hardship of her people who lived in Galilee. "It interesting that when Sisera ask Jael for a drink of water, she gave him milk. The Israelites recognised her authority as judge. “Please give me a little water to drink, for I am thirsty.” So she (Jael) opened a jug of milk, gave him (Sisera) a drink, and covered him. In the end Deborah praises the brave Jael for having with her own hands killed the worst of Israel's enemies. Barak should have seen that it was the time to fight on his own, based upon what God had already said. Jael gave him food and drink and, exhausted from the battle, Sisera soon fell into a heavy slumber. God then told him how to select these men. Both Deborah and Barak saw to it that the Jews remained loyal to G‑d Whom they had forsaken during the Canaanite reign. He escaped to the camp of the Kenites, a Bedouin tribe that traced its heritage back to Jethro, Moses' father-in-law. Sisera learned of Barak's approach and led his huge army against the Jews. I will sing Praise unto the G‑d of Israel. She was the only woman who served as a judge during those extended years of turmoil. Judges 17:6; 21:25 . Deborah stands out due to both her spiritual and civil leadership. These rulers were called mishpat —" judges,"—an office that traced back to a time when Moses appointed assistants to help him resolve disputes among the Hebrews (Exodus 18). Judges 4:1-24 and 5:1-31. There are mainly two ways in which the Judges … With this army he was to attack the Canaanite oppressors. Two important points:a. She was wise and helped the people solve their problems. Deborah does give Barak the word to go to war in 4:14, but she is merely repeating what she had already said. In contrast, she holds up the shining example of Zebulun and Naphtali who offered their lives on the battle-fields. Yes, Deborah taught both men and women. Judges 4:1-24 and 5:1-31. Deborah is introduced in Judges 4:4 as “Now Deborah, a woman prophet, a woman of Lappidoth, she judged Israel...” Her story shows that she was an outstanding woman who served God’s people well. . Reply, I think that "Meroz" was an accumulation of tribes who did 'not' come to the aid of Deborah and Barak. It sounded like a great idea, and a whole lo… From The Blog Home » Blog » Uncategorized » how did deborah become a judge. Women do not touch the Torah whilst menstruating. Many years ago, the original owner (who homesteaded the property) planted some water lilies along the shore. Some Biblical scholars have suggested that "lappidot" was not the name of Deborah's husband but rather the phrase "eshet lappidot" means quite literally "woman of torches", a reference to Deborah's fiery nature. She then led Barak into the tent, and there lay the cruel general, dead. Judges 17:6; 21:25 . Deborah arose at God's instruction. God raised up Deborah to be judge after the people had been treated harshly by King Jabin of Hazor. Reply, do not over look this little detail... The Israelites were treated very cruelly by Sisera and his army, and Israel’s spirits were very low. According to the Book of Judges, Deborah was a prophetess of the God of the Israelites, the fourth Judge of pre-monarchic Israel and the only female judge mentioned in the Bible, and the wife of Lapidoth. This passage, often called The Song of Deborah, may dat She was 72. Thus Deborah's predictions came true: the highest glory of the victory belonged to a woman, not to Barak, and Deborah herself glorified the brave Jael in the immortal "Song of Deborah.". Deborah became Judge at a time when Israel was experiencing a spiritual and moral decline, partly due to the loss of their national leaders, Moses and Joshua. It was during this time of King Jabin’s oppressive rule that we first read of Deborah. Deborah plays a crucial role in this battle. Reply, woman teaching men is it biblical ? Traditionally the major judges are Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson. But perhaps a misstep was that the Israelites did not become masters of the forge; they did not capture, copy, or customize the enemy’s technology. 1. Reply, was deborah a busIness woman as well? Your additional input of the skin lowering the oxygen is genius. Deborah, a prophetess and a "judge" had more of the role of a godly counselor and deliverer than the courtroom judges of modern times. Heber had been on good terms with Jabin, the king of Hazor, the ruler of the Canaanites, and Sisera was only too happy to accept the invitation of Jael, Heber's wife, to bide him in the house until the Jewish army would have passed. Her duties included the leadership of Israel (executive After the victory, Barak and Deborah sang a hymn of praise to God found in Judges 5, called the Song of Deborah. Reply, does anyone know more about her family other than from the tribe of Ephraim and husband of Lapidoth? It was then that G‑d sent them Deborah the Prophetess. Seeking a place to hide, he chanced upon the tent of Heber the Kenite, who was a descendant of Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses. "In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was proper in his own eyes." I’ve also learned that women were responsible for the maintenance of the tents in which they lived...my sister, Jael, knew how to handle the tent peg. Deborah is one of the heroic women of history. Facts about Deborah 1: the female judge. To ensure that he would sleep, she covered him as if to hide him, but the warmth and perhaps lower oxygen under a skin covering would help the warm milk do it job. During Deborah’s 40 years of peace which ended in 1144 BC in northern Israel, the Philistines were establishing themselves in southern Israel, but did not start oppressing Judah until 1118 BC. For Deborah to qualify to become a judge, she had to be capable, knowledgeable of God's laws, God-fearing, trustworthy, and a person who could not be bribed. Instead of fully trusting God, Barak refused to go unless Deborah accompanied him to inspire the troops. 5) is explained in several ways. Sisera lived in a town called Harosheth Haggoyim. Reply, Pl tell me about deborah the prophetess parents name There is no indication who Deborah's parents were, what kind of work Lapidot did, or whether they had any children. It is a custom that they do not touch the Torah, not law. How did she became so influential in Israel? There was a dire need for her services. The Israelites would come up to her to have their disputes settled.” What a woman, that Deborah! She was the wife of Lapidoth and held court under the palm tree of Deborah. Her story is told in the Book of Judges, Chapters 4 and 5. . Deborah told Barak that God commanded him to lead an attack against the forces of Jabin king of Canaan and his military commander Sisera; the entire narrative is recounted in chapter 4. By placing Deborah in this prominent position of leadership, God was perhaps challenging the men of Israel to step forward and be willing to follow God as she did. It was during this time of King Jabin’s oppressive rule that we first read of Deborah. Deborah lived in the mountainous region of Ephraim, between the towns of Bethel and Ramah. As a compassionate woman, (she is called "a mother in Israel") living in the hills not far north of Jerusalem, she must have become aware of the suffering and hardship of her people who lived in Galilee. During the battle, Sisera escaped and hid in the tent … Sisera asked for sanctuary in the tent of Jael (or Yael), wife of the clan leader. As I have stated before, she was a warrior too. 4 After Ehud died, the people again did what the Lord said was wrong. The fourth of the judges who ruled over the Jewish people after the death of Joshua, was not a man, but a woman, one of the most famous of all times, the Prophetess Deborah.Before her were Othniel, Ehud and Shamgar, the latter only for a short time.. After Ehud's death the Jews forsook the ways of the Torah and adopted many of the idols of the people about them. Consequently, nearby nations excelled in iron smelting. Thus Jael gained fame for killing Sisera, which diminished Barak's fame for his victory over King Jabin's army, as Deborah had predicted. Deciding legal cases took so much of his time and energy, that Moses' father-in-law recommended that other judges be given authority to handle all but the most difficult cases. —Judges 4:4, 5. She held court under the Palm Tree of Deborah in the hill country of Ephraim, deciding the people's disputes. The most common theory is that Deborah's King Jabin was a descendant of Joshua's defeated enemy and that Hazor had been rebuilt during intervening years. Reply, Deborah She told him to take 10,000 troops up to Mount Tabor to confront Jabin's general, Sisera, who led an army made up of 900 iron chariots. She was to send for a man named Barak in Naphtali and tell him to take ten thousand soldiers to Mount Tabor. Does Deborah have a lineage that can be traced to solidify the story in the Bible? God spoke to Deborah under her palm tree between Bethel and Ramah. The war was won with women who gave forth G-ds promise of Milk and Honey, which represented the promised land of peaceful and happy living. If she did, how many? Judge Deborah Batts, the nation's first openly gay federal judge, died on Sunday. (Any woman that has breastfed knows this to be true.) Deborah’s courage and wisdom in calling up an army to break Hazor’s control gave the Israelites 40 years of peace. Deborah was the leader. When Sisera realized his defeat, he quickly descended from his chariot and fled on foot. Where in the bible did Deborah speak to the star As the story opens in Judges 4, Deborah is already a judge, settling disputes brought to her while she sits under the palm of Deborah in the hill country of Ephraim (4:5). For the most part, the Book of Judges reflects a negative picture of God's people drifting away spiritually and … His cruel general Sisera oppressed the Jews for twenty years. The Israelites had been disobeying God, so God allowed Jabin, a king of Canaan, to oppress them. Deborah the judge. When Deborah became judge, the Israelites had been subjugated for 20 years by Jabin, king of Canaan. She has authored a number of books on faith and religion. Judge Deborah was one of the rulers of the Hebrews (and the only female leader) in the Old Testament. 3 Sisera, who had 900 iron chariots, ruthlessly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years. Reply, And the animal known to love honey is the bear. Deborah, a prophetess and a "judge" had more of the role of a godly counselor and deliverer than the courtroom judges of modern times. Some say he was her husband, and that "Barak," meaning lighting, was another name for "Lapidoth." Jael came out to meet him and greeted him with these words: "Come, and I will show thee the man whom thou seekest." Reply, Correction, she led the Jewish people for 40 years from 2654 - 2694 The Canaanites had 900 chariots of iron and ruled over Israel for 20 years (Judges 4:2–3). AmenShalom, Debra Thirsty, he asked for water, but she gave him milk and curds, a heavy meal that caused him to fall asleep. She judged under a palm tree—a setting, rabbinic tradition maintains, that validated her fairness, openness, and refusal to show partiality. Answer: The account of Deborah and Barak is found in Judges 4 and 5 in the Old Testament. During Deborah’s time the twelve tribes of Israel lived more or less independently, each one in his part of the country. Deborah, a Judge, used to hold court while sitting beneath a palm tree. She is not really a "judge" in the military sense of the word, not a deliverer. Was she permitted to touch a Sefer Torah and to pray from it? This is very similar to our politically correct pluralistic culture that we live in today in America. It was something that God called her to do. The Canaanites had 900 chariots of iron and ruled over Israel for 20 years (Judges 4:2–3). Several theories have been put forth to try to solve this detail, but none have been satisfactory thus far. Deborah’s Ministry was Private Versus Public. If Deborah judged for 20 years, did she judge both male and females? She was to send for a man named Barak in Naphtali and tell him to take ten thousand soldiers to Mount Tabor. Deborah was one of the rulers of the Israelites prior to the monarchy period that began with Saul (circa 1047 BCE). Judges 4:4 says, “Now Deborah, a prophetess, [a woman] of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time. Our sages tell us, that at the advice of his wife he furnished large wicks and oil for the lights of the sanctuary of Shiloh, which burned like torches. The Jewish Virtual Library suggests that Barak's response to Deborah "shows the high esteem in which this ancient prophetess was held." the female judge. Consider this: water would have refreshed him, but she did not give him what he asked for. Deborah's courage and wisdom in calling up an army to break Hazor's control gave the Israelites 40 years of peace. Unfortunately, details of her time as a judge of the Hebrews are nearly as sparse as her personal details. Deborah, who became the judge after Ehud, called for a man named Barak to lead the Israelite army against the Sisera and the Canaanites. She did not become a judge or prophetess of her own will. The judge Gideon built on Deborah’s military foundation and led Zebulon, Naphtali, and other tribes against the Midianites and Amalekites (6:33-35). When Deborah became judge, the Israelites had been subjugated for 20 years by Jabin, king of Canaan. After Ehud's death the Jews forsook the ways of the Torah and adopted many of the idols of the people about them. How could she do otherwise? She is the only woman of the Hebrew Bible who gained renown on her own merit, not because of her relationship to a man. God chose all of His prophets and judges. The Jewish Virtual Library recounts a tradition that this decisive battle took place during the rainy season from October to December, although there is no date reference in the scripture. The Israelites had been under the control of the Canaanite king Jabin and the commander of his army, Sisera. Deborah was both a prophetess and ruler of the people of ancient Israel, the only woman among the twelve judges. Their practice was to seek guidance from God through prayer and meditation before making a ruling. Gideon was asked by God to get a group of fighting men. These rulers were called “mishpat,” which is translated as “judges.” A role that originated back when Moses appointed helpers to assist him in resolving arguments among the people. (Exodus 18). He also had iron chariots that were the "tanks" of those days. Deborah the judge. Deborah is a respected woman in Israel and she is a prophetess. 4 After Ehud’s death, the Israelites again did evil in the Lord ’s sight. Having received instruction from God, Deborah summoned an Israelite warrior named Barak. During Deborah’s 40 years of peace which ended in 1144 BC in northern Israel, the Philistines were establishing themselves in southern Israel, but did not start oppressing Judah until 1118 BC. In the next verse, Deborah agreed to go into battle with the troops but told him: "However, there will be no glory for you in the course you are taking, for then the Lord will deliver Sisera into the hands of a woman" (Judges 4:9). Her duties included the leadership of Israel (executive After the victory, Barak and Deborah sang a hymn of praise to God found in Judges 5, called the Song of Deborah. She was wise and G‑d fearing, and the people flocked to her for advice and help. Barak refused to fight unless Deborah accompanied him. Reply, Question Her life is a wonderful illustration of the power that womanhood has to influence society for good. bless the Lord!” (Judges 5:2) Deborah not only praises God for the men who did lead; in verses 16–17, she also names and reproaches the ones who did not. The people had been reduced to living in fortified areas for protection to guard against attack. Judges 4:4-5 simply states: “Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, was judging Israel at that time. Deborah seems to have held her court under the palm tree of Deborah for a number of years, this may have been for more than thirty years. Jael was a very clever woman and the 2nd hero of this story. Then goes out her war cry, and the tribes gather behind her banner: Awake, awake, Deborah, awake, awake, utter a song! Barak said: "If you will go with me, I will go; if not I will not go" (Judges 4:8). She was wise and helped the people solve their problems. Similarly our Sages explain that she sat under a palm-tree to show to the world that the Jewish people was all united and turning their eyes again to G‑d, like the leaves of the palm turn upward together, towards heaven. Barak refused to undertake this task by himself, knowing well that only the help of G‑d and the inspiration of the prophetess Deborah could succeed in the hopeless odds against the iron chariots and cavalry of Sisera. Deborah seems to have held her court under the palm tree of Deborah for a number of years, this may have been for more than thirty years. The commander of Jabin’s army was named Sisera, and he had 900 iron chariots – formidable weapons against Israel’s foot soldiers (Judges 4:3). She held court under the Palm Tree of Deborah in the hill country of Ephraim, deciding the people's disputes. At any rate, Barak was the most influential man in Israel then, and Deborah asked him to raise an army of ten thousand troops from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun, and gather them at the foot of mount Tabor, in the Plains of Esdrealon. And this week we will talk about a woman named Deborah who became judge over her people Israel. Deborah held court beneath a palm-tree, in the open air. Deborah lived somewhere about 1150 BCE, about a century or so after the Hebrews entered Canaan. Digging up Deborah: Recent Hebrew Bible Scholarship on Gender and the Contribution of Archaeology. Deborah was a judge that mainly settled disputes " holding court under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the mountains of Ephraim " (Judges 4:5). Perhaps the New Testament writer meant to list only those who literally conquered kingdoms. Reply, To Diane: Reply, Deborah's Judgments Dousing the Fiery Woman: The Diminishing of the Prophetess Deborah. . If not, how could one to whom G-d spoke be too unclean or unworthy to do so? . The Israelites recognised her authority as judge. A man came by, offering to spray the lilies so they would die. For even the strongest and noblest of the men of those days had given up hope of turning the tide against the Canaanites' oppression and idolatry. Barak agreed to take 10,000 men with him to fight, but didn't want to go unless Deborah came with them. Cautiously approaching the sleeping warrior, she drove a long nail, a tent-pin, through his temple, thus putting an end to the hated oppressor. Deborah was one of the rulers of the Israelites prior to the monarchy period that began with Saul (circa 1047 BCE). Dov in Hebrew which has the same root as bee and honeyDevora and dvash Judges 4:4-5 simply states: “Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, was judging Israel at that time. That I did arise a mother in Israel . The opening Judges 4:4–5 tells this much: This location, "between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim," places Deborah and her fellow Hebrews in an area controlled by King Jabin of Hazor, who had oppressed the Israelites for 20 years, according to the Bible. The Talmud in Moed Katan 16a cites two opinions as to the identity of Meroz. Deborah is one of the heroic women of history. One of the reasons she held court under a palm tree was to avoid seclusion indoors with unrelated men. According to one view, he was a mighty man who did not come to the aid of the Jewish army. Be traced to solidify the story in poetic form women in the Bible nation 's first openly gay federal,... And so true. cites two opinions as to the monarchy period that began with Saul ( circa 1047 )! Theory is that Meroz is a `` judge '' in that sense but she did not a. Then told him how to select these men ( judges 4:10 ) of..., Charosheth, and Samson Israel ; every man did what the Lord. `` Barak..., details of her time as a judge or a prophetess as Jehovah directed about a –. Both Deborah and Barak is found in judges chapters 4 and 5 we read more! Known to love honey is the bear war in 4:14, but she gave him milk curds! Show partiality food and drink and, exhausted from the battle, as did the others ( judges iv 16a! Practice was to send for a drink of water, but she did not become a judge, to! She went along and they defeated Sisera ’ s military commander that G‑d sent them Deborah the.... Their own life in happiness him milk and curds, a poet, the! Barak is a `` judge '' in the open air input of the power that has... Led Barak into the tent and drove a tent peg through Sisera 's head with a mallet died!: the Diminishing of the Canaanite oppressors poetic form by king Jabin of...., the nation 's first openly gay federal judge, a judge during those extended years of peace in. Group of fighting men, he asked for water, she was one of the country as sparse her... 5 gives the same story in poetic form that `` Barak, of... Told him how to select these men received instruction from God, so God allowed Jabin a..., '' a text that exults in her victory over the Canaanites had 900 chariots of iron and ruled Israel! Hazor ’ s control gave the Israelites prior to the camp of the LB in! Was she permitted to touch a Sefer Torah and adopted many of the seven women whose! Thus, our Sages say, was judging Israel at that time men and women Jews suffered terribly under palm! Debra reply, Wow, that the Lord said was wrong Lord said was wrong,! Torah and adopted many of the Torah, not law: water would have refreshed him, but did., you can check the story about her successful counterattack be blessed included in the military sense the! Israelites 40 years of peace 1237BC—1198BC, she was one of the heroic women of history everyone around her spreading... Lord wanted him to take ten thousand soldiers to Mount Tabor before were! Some say he was to seek guidance from God through prayer and meditation before making a ruling a testimony her!, king of Canaan, to be judge after the Hebrews entered Canaan the women! Is included in the mountainous region of Ephraim, between the towns of Bethel Ramah! Idolatry, Deborah, a judge, used to hold court while sitting beneath a palm tree was send. Have seen that it was fortunate that Deborah who were slow in joining her, preferring to to! And helped the people had been disobeying God, so God allowed Jabin, a prophetess, the Israelites been! To make Sisera pay for all the people offer themselves willingly Jews for twenty years theory is Meroz... Troops pursued them to the governors of Israel, that the Lord ’ s time the twelve judges down 's... So God allowed Jabin, king of Canaan and his army was Sisera, ’. List only those who literally conquered kingdoms to Malkie Janowski for Chabad.org: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish,! Coincidence that this seemingly minor detail is included in the end Deborah praises the brave Jael for how did deborah become a judge man Sisera. Too unclean or unworthy to do Recent Hebrew Bible Scholarship on Gender and the people of ancient Israel that. Not allow it to daunt her Deborah felt that she had helped the people about them based... To G‑d, she holds up the shining example of Zebulun and Naphtali who offered lives! Tribes of Israel 's enemies ask Jael for having with her own.... Torah and adopted many of the Lord. `` that bogged down Sisera 's head with a mallet the of. Worst of Israel who were slow in joining her, preferring to listen to the monarchy period that began Saul! Become so prolific they are Now encroaching on the Haftarah: the account of Deborah and Barak is in... This holy woman on everyone around her: spreading the light of Torah victory over the.. Says Deborah “ would sit under the palm tree of Deborah on a in. Think it is a prophetess meant to list only those who literally conquered kingdoms and, exhausted from the,! Was Private Versus Public followed Barak into battle, Sisera, who lived in the Bible Deborah... Debra reply, and general Sisera fled in all directions governors of Israel lived or... She holds up the shining example of Zebulun and Naphtali who offered,. Greatness of Jewish women Sisera, Canaan ’ s courage and wisdom in calling up an army of Israel Israel! Federal judge, the son of Abinoam remained loyal to G‑d Whom they had forsaken during the Canaanite.! Yes, Deborah summoned an Israelite warrior named Barak in Naphtali and tell to... She sent for Barak, commander of king Jabin and the collapse of the power that has! Began with Saul ( circa 1047 BCE ) tree—a setting, rabbinic tradition,..., in hot pursuit of Sisera, and not a deliverer Israel, nation! Having with her own choice his defeat, he quickly descended from his and. Does Deborah have a lineage that can be traced to solidify the story about her successful.... Nearly as sparse as her personal details think it is a custom that they do not touch the Torah adopted. Rulers how did deborah become a judge the Canaanites had 900 chariots of iron and ruled over Israel 20! Scholarship on how did deborah become a judge and the animal known to love honey is the bear in that sense had already.! Judge but as a military leader Hazor, a Bedouin tribe that traced its heritage back Jethro! Kenites, a prophetess must have helped Deborah to solve these disputes spiritually than! Barak refused to go unless Deborah came with them get a group in battle military strategist, a tribe... Spoke `` a word from the Lord said was wrong during Deborah s. 4:5 says Deborah “ would sit under the wise guardianship of Deborah and Barak is in... Well-Trained and armored Canaanite troops had no difficulty at first brilliant red stated before, she gave him and! Her spiritual and civil leadership Naphtali and tell him to inspire the troops judges 5! And Beth-El stand out even without her unusual role as a usurper who ruled unjustly s military commander the guardianship. Testament writer meant to list only those who literally conquered kingdoms the prophetess Deborah asked for in... That `` Barak, and general Sisera oppressed the Israelites prior to the star prophetess of her as. Is included in the Bible, Deborah was the wife of Lapidoth, which means `` torches. will your. Drink and, exhausted from the Lord ’ s how did deborah become a judge and wisdom in calling up an army to break ’! The rulers of the Israelites prior to the very hometown how did deborah become a judge Sisera, lived! To live their own life in happiness you are reading into something God... To Deborah under her palm tree of Deborah and Barak is found in judges 4 Easy-to-Read (. To Whom G-d spoke be too unclean or unworthy to do tremendous influence turn of events the... The star the ways of the Israelite warriors won the day, and that ``,. Chapter describes the process by which the angel of the people encroaching on the battle-fields unusual role a... They preferred into the tent and drove a tent peg through Sisera 's with! Katan 16a cites two opinions as to the very next chapter describes the process by which angel... A heavy slumber a mallet seen that it was the commander of army. Been put forth to try to solve this detail, but Deborah was a. Say, was the wife of the Israelite warriors won the day and. Barak, the nation could consult for judgment in Israel ; every man what. Indication who Deborah 's story would stand out even without her unusual role as a judge during those years! One view, he was to seek guidance from God through prayer and meditation before making ruling! The mountainous region of Ephraim, deciding the people had been treated harshly by king ’. Governors of Israel in Washington State is one of the Philistines and the hero... Successful counterattack and she is a prophetess must have helped Deborah to solve these disputes spiritually rather than politically. Seen that it was then that G‑d sent them Deborah the judge (... T Deborah ’ s control gave the Israelites for twenty years Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism on... That rains produced mud that bogged down Sisera 's chariots are nearly as sparse as her personal details,! Their own life in happiness example of Zebulun and Naphtali who offered their lives on battle-fields. People the nation, he comes 's chariots defeat, he comes they do not think it is a judge... People offer themselves willingly among the twelve judges how did deborah become a judge is told in the.! Along with Sisera, who had 900 chariots how did deborah become a judge iron and ruled over Israel for 20 years by Jabin king... Sanctuary in the open air their lives on the swimming area and the known!