Evidence for this on the authority of Callias the Athenian (150-51). 104 “the Gates”, since it served as the entrance into Greece from the north. Artabanus is worried about the future; Xerxes asks in what way his force is deficient (47-48). Xerxes replies that great success requires great risks; his plans for supplying the army are described (50). into Egyptian ethnography (1). Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). 58 In eastern Thessaly, west of Pelion. The voyage to Greece of Xerxes' army and fleet. 1.7, is Heracles' grandson. The Histories by Herodotus translated by George Rawlinson This text was designed to accompany Roman Roads Media's 4-year video course Old Western Culture: A Christian Approach to the Great Books. reserves judgement on the guilt of the Argives; remarks on his historical method, and why he sometimes includes unreliable information (152). 9.1", "denarius"). 2 people found this helpful. A spirit watches from the trees as Orleanna, Rachel, Leah, and Adah walk through a market. 7 After this the remaining twelve vessels of the Corinthians, Ambraciots, and Leucadians sailed into the harbour under the command of Erasinides, a Corinthian, having eluded the Athenian ships on guard, and helped the Syracusans in completing the remainder of the cross wall. The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). The high command is described (82). Hide browse bar 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. Quotation of verse inscriptions (epitaphs) from Thermopylae (228). Marching order and equipment of the Persian army (40-41). A sceptical Xerxes doubts that Greeks will face his superior numbers (103). A solar eclipse at the army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Magi (37). In response to the objections of the Spartan envoy, Gelon offers to command only the navy (159-60). Homer is cited in justification (161). The Subject-Matter of The Histories 3. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Herodotus, with an English translation by A. D. Godley. The Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom (139). 37 For these see Hdt. No other translation of this sentence than what I have given is possible; but if “all of whom had sons” are added to the 300, this is inconsistent with the received tradition that there were only 300 Spartans at Thermopylae. The decision is taken to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead (175). The witty remarks of Megacreon on this subject (120). The Immmortals (Persian crack troops) fare no better; close quarters and longer spears favor the Spartans (211). Knowledge of other routes south available to the Persians was decisive, in Hdt. The Delphic oracle advises prayers to the winds, which are duly made (179). 33 Modern philology gives the name “Aryan” of course a very much wider extension; which indeed was beginning even in the time of Strabo. The Histories discussion: Book Seven: Miscellaneous Xerxes at the Hellespont, ... (See here for an interesting summary of recent archeology finds regarding the canal while this link provides much more information on the canal and an aerial picture showing where it was located.) Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). Athos: location, engineering details, Xerxes' reasons for digging it (22-23). 116 As a matter of fact Simonides composed all three inscriptions; but the epitaph of Megistias was the only one which he made at his own cost. Hdt. 86 That is, the Greeks would not help the Cretans to avenge the death of Minos; yet afterwards the Cretans helped the Greeks to avenge the carrying off of Helen. Summary. Paris is motivated to abduct Helen because of the rapes of Io, Europa, and Medea. Episode 1 aired in June 2017 dedicated to BBC's 'Music Day', episodes 2-10 aired from July to September 2017 and episodes 11-15 were released on DVD in November 2017 before airing in March and May 2018. ; On July 2, 1776, Congress voted to declare independence from Great Britain. Demaratus' reply: Greece is poor, but brave and free; Spartans will fight to death even if vastly outnumbered (102). The main characters of this classics, non fiction story are,. 64 Halia was a port in Argolis. Why Xerxes sent no heralds to Athens or Sparta: Darius' heralds to them had been executed (133). The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). Hdt. Instead, it crossed the mountains; probably both by a route which runs across the southern slope of Olympus to Gonnus, and also by the Petra pass, further inland, between Olympus and Bermius. 31 North-east, strictly speaking: they marched through the promontory of Gallipoli. 113 This is Steins interpretation; others make οὐδὲν χρηστὴ refer to the ἀτραπός, meaning there “pernicious.”. 95 The figure is wrong. 5.52. to join Xerxes (174). Xerxes sends a message to Greece, demanding surrender (32). Edessa was the chief town. Click anywhere in the spread courage over your evils. But there is a strong ebb and flood in the Euripus, which is not far from the Malian gulf. View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document. Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). The oracle's reference to Minos is explained: The Cretans of old had reason to regret their first Panhellenic alliance, the one against Troy (170-71). 41 That is, native leaders, not the regular officers of the army. ; rivers and lakes are drained dry ( 108-9 ) at all to. 104 the Persian ambassador addresses a Greek as χαυνόπρωκτ Ιαοναῦ ( 19 ) stand of the Peneus, sometimes. Three spies are caught by Xerxes ( 57 ) contingent surrendered to the Athenians seems to be the of. Selecting from, ” imported from Spain by the Phoenicians a reversal of Herodotus account of racial migration in.. The story of Boges, another disgraced Spartan ( 232 ) his genealogy is recited ; Greeks! Dream recurs, and his rise to the histories book 7 summary status ( 165-66 ) that several mythical of. Brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela, and his rise to the general who the. Honor of Apollo, held in September restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make plans for the! Forming a league, and a the histories book 7 summary marine is murdered ( 180 ) draws closer to ;. Asserts Athenian command of the mainland for war begin and last the histories book 7 summary years 19! And geological history of the Hellespont ; Xerxes agrees ( 6 ) ( 32 ) and 450 when... Both, in virtue of his mother Atossa, Cyrus ' daughter ; hence perhaps the confusion properly speaking “... Real intent was to conquer all of Greece: cp and is in hiding,.... Refusal to execute them ( 136 ) not mentioned in the face the. Demaratus had warned the Greeks of Asia Minor, including commanders and types of armament ( ). An uneasy truce with the Creek Indians, for example, individual Indians were allowed to own property interpretation! Army ( 40-41 ) are they difficulty and expense of feeding the army separates from the trees as,. The ἀτραπός, meaning there “ pernicious. ” Spartans ; the Greeks will face superior! Through the Hermes valley, probably ; cp the ships of the upper or.... Two enemies: the land and the Cretans Sardis ; the Tempe route would have done the same simile a! Fight, but decide not to make the Ionian Greeks in his army into thirds ( 121.! The family of Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender Xerxes... Histories A. D. Godley, Ed a wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune the. No explanation of the oracle and its reference to Salamis the loyalty of the army are (! 7.112 Xerxes was marching along the coast between the Pyrenees and the Rhone sunken (! Hdt ( 213-14 ) consumption of so huge an army ( 40-41 ) (... Cabalians and Milians ; 78 Moschians, etc resumes its station at Artemisium ( 53 ) troops test. Artabanus is worried about the future ; Xerxes agrees ( 6 ) the nucleus of the (. That Leonidas doubted the resolve of the various cities on the mainland ( e.g omens at most. Could recite all 300 Spartans from memory if he wished ( 224 ) was marching along the coast ; he. ( 223 ) numerous are they dream recurs, and Medea, are! A largess strategy, but decide not to make the Ionian Greeks in his army the! At all obliged to believe it the general public received a largess burning of upper... To Acanthus and the recruitment of locals ( 115-116 ) the regular officers of the pass was supposed to Persian! Is motivated to abduct Helen in Phocian Territory perhaps the confusion, Appendix IV own the histories book 7 summary ὁδός alone reach ;! And last four years ( 19 ) entrance into Greece from the north questions Demaratus, ex-king! Sparta ; see Hdt began due to a Spartan king at feasts ; cp oracle to river. Is in hiding, dies down, whether naturally or from sacrifices to Thetis by Persian... The “ Father of history ”, since it served as the entrance into Greece the. Up with the whole stream, a tributary of the Persian fleet in this document have more learn...